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A Companion to Contemporary Political Philosophy (2nd - download pdf or read online

ISBN-10: 0470766077

ISBN-13: 9780470766071

Author note: Robert E. Goodin (Editor), Philip Pettit (Editor)

This re-creation of A better half to modern Political Philosophy has been prolonged considerably to incorporate fifty five chapters throughout volumes written via a few of today's such a lot special scholars.

• New participants comprise a few of today's so much exclusive students, between them Thomas Pogge, Charles Beitz, and Michael Doyle
• presents in-depth insurance of up to date philosophical debate in all significant similar disciplines, resembling economics, background, legislation, political technological know-how, diplomacy and sociology
• offers research of key political ideologies, together with new chapters on Cosmopolitanism and Fundamentalism

Includes certain discussions of significant strategies in political philosophy, together with advantage, energy, human rights, and simply conflict

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Extra resources for A Companion to Contemporary Political Philosophy (2nd Edition)

Example text

8). But in ascribing personalism to the broad tradition of analytical philosophy, we need to be clear that the personalism ascribed is universalist in character. It holds that not only are persons the only entities that ultimately matter in politics, all persons matter equally. Consistently with personalism, strictly formulated, we might have said that the good of the King or Queen or the good of some class or caste is all that matters. But the universalist twist blocks this possibility. The commitment is nicely caught in a slogan attributed to Bentham: ‘Everybody to count for one, nobody for more than one’ (Mill, 1969, p.

Under the political version of contractarianism, the parties are cast in a very different light. They are conceptualized as persons who each wish to find a structure on which all can agree, seeking out the intellectually most compelling candidate. A political version of contractarianism is to be found in the work of the German thinker, Jürgen Habermas (1973); he argues that the best structure for society is that which would be supported by people involved in collective debate under ideal conditions of speech, where all are equal, each has the chance to speak and each has the opportunity to question the assertions of others.

Scanlon (1982, p. 110) argues that the best basic structure will be characterized, at least in part, by ‘rules for the general regulation of behaviour which no one could reasonably reject as a basis for informed, unforced general agreement’. These formulae are each meant to catch a guiding idea for further exploration and argument. The political contractualism that I have associated with Scanlon and Ackerman has also been important in prompting the development over recent years of the ideal of deliberative democracy (Cohen, 1989; Gutmann and Thompson, 1996).

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A Companion to Contemporary Political Philosophy (2nd Edition)

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