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New PDF release: Activated Carbon Fiber and Textiles

By Jonathan Y Chen

ISBN-10: 0081006608

ISBN-13: 9780081006603

ISBN-10: 0081006780

ISBN-13: 9780081006788

Activated Carbon Fiber and Textiles offers systematic insurance of the basics, homes, and present and rising functions of carbon fiber textiles in one quantity, delivering pros and teachers operating within the box with a broader figuring out of those fabrics. half I discusses carbon fiber ideas and creation, together with precursors and pyrolysis, carbon fiber spinning, and carbonization and activation. half II offers extra particular research of the foremost houses of carbon fiber textiles, together with their thermal, acoustic, electric, adsorption, and mechanical behaviors. the ultimate part covers functions of carbon fiber akin to filtration, strength security, and effort and fuel storage.

  • Features enter from an editor who's knowledgeable in his box: Professor Jonathan Chen has a wealth of expertise within the sector of activated carbon fiber materials
  • Provides systematic and accomplished insurance of the main points of activated carbon fiber textiles, from their ideas, processing, and homes to their business applications
  • Offers updated assurance of recent expertise for the fiber and textiles industries
  • Covers functions equivalent to filtration, strength safety, and effort and gasoline storage

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Additional resources for Activated Carbon Fiber and Textiles

Sample text

This step can be carried out at high temperatures in order to increase tensile properties. Finally, coagulated fibers have to be washed and stretched in steam or water to remove excess solvent and to increase the molecular orientation of the polymer chains. , 2012). For this reason, the search for low-cost alternatives is of great importance. , 1994). The PAN precursor has to be “stabilized” to become carbonizable. In this step, a heteroaromatic structure is obtained from the polymer chains by means of a complicated process named “cyclization,” the mechanism of which is still unclear.

Carbon fibers have been on the market since the beginning of the 1960s and are now produced to satisfy the worldwide market, especially in aeronautical and space materials technologies (Suzuki, 1994). , 1980). Activated carbon fibers (ACFs) are porous carbons in fiber shape with an aspect ratio higher than 10 and containing a well-defined porous structure with high adsorption capacity (Xu and Chung, 2001; Linares-Solano and Cazorla-Amoro´s, 2008). , 2009). , 2006). , 2001). Moreover, various biomass resources have also been used to prepare ACFs, such as flax fiber (Williams and Reed, 2003), oil palm fiber (Foo and Hameed, 2011), and cotton fiber (Chiu and Ng, 2012).

2009; Rodrı´guez-Reinoso, 2001). Chemical activation has been shown to be a very efficient method to obtain carbons with high surface area and narrow micropore distribution. The most important advantage of chemical activation versus physical activation is that the sample is activated at a lower temperature. Other advantages are that higher yields and greater porosity are obtained and less time is required to activate the sample. , 2009a). , 1992). , 2014). , 2006). Each type of precursor has its own applications and limitations.

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Activated Carbon Fiber and Textiles by Jonathan Y Chen

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