By Douglas C. Neckers, William S. Jenks, Thomas Wolff
Content material: Photochemistry of triarylmethane dye leuconitriles / Viktor V. Jarikov and Douglas C. Neckers -- constitution and reactivity of natural intermediates as published via time-resolved infrared spectroscopy / John P. Toscano -- Semiconductor photocatalysis for natural synthesis / Horst Kisch -- Photophysical probes of DNA sequence-directed constitution and dynamics / Catherine J. Murphy
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Extra resources for Advances in Photochemistry
A close analogy was reported by Larock, where phenylacetylene was coupled with 2-iodothioanisole. Ring closure of the formed o-ethynyl-sulfide was initiated by the addition of different electrophiles. ). 79 I SMe Ph Pd(PPh3)2Cl2 Ph Ph I2 SMe CuI, Et3N quant. I S quant. ) Reaction with olefins The palladium catalysed substitution reaction of allylic systems has also been utilised in the formation of five membered rings. ). , it has also some distinctive features. The formation of the allylpalladium complex is achieved in a transmetalation step and therefore requires the presence of a The synthesis of five membered rings 53 palladium(II) catalyst.
Carbon-nitrogen bond forming reactions are abundant and aliphatic amines can be introduced as well as aromatic amines and amides. f. the palladium catalyzed oxidation of alcohols). Intramolecular variants of the Buchwald-Hartwig reaction usually proceed readily too. 4. REACTIONS PROCEEDING WITH CO INSERTION Carbon monoxide, a common ligand in organometallic chemistry, is known to insert into palladium-carbon bonds readily. This feature of the metal is frequently utilized when palladium catalyzed reactions are run in the presence of CO.
Although these reactions show some similarity to Wacker-type processes, from the mechanistic point of view they are quite different. g. 69. ), which leads to the formation of a functionalized allylpalladium complex. 88 . NHBn + PhI Pd(PPh3)4 EDIPA, toluene Ph NHBn 82% I + NHTs . ) The synthesis of five membered rings 55 The palladium catalysed ring closure of 1-phenyl-6-aminohexyne to 2styrylpirrolidine proceeds through the formal activation of the propargylposition. In the presence of benzoic acid palladium(0) is presumably converted into a hydrogenpalladium complex, which isomerises the alkyne to allene, and converts the allene to an allylpalladium complex.
Advances in Photochemistry by Douglas C. Neckers, William S. Jenks, Thomas Wolff