By Chuka Onwumechili
Onwumechili offers an exhilarating viewpoint on African army coups and reminds us that democracy isn't really synonymous exclusively with Western societies. He examines democracies in conventional Africa and exhibits how those socieites truly outlined and constrained the jobs of conventional African armies.From this heritage, Onwumechili makes readers savor that glossy African armies are deviant associations, without roots in conventional Africa. fairly, he argues, one has to hunt these roots in Africa's contemporary, colonial background. Dr. Onwumechili is going directly to describe the explanations for coups and their strategies. ultimately, he examines how army coups should be avoided. whereas prior ideas have principally failed, Onwumechili offers convincing ideas in response to case stories.
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Extra resources for African Democratization and Military Coups
Western democracy was the democratic reform they sought. After all, it was clearly the prevailing system of government after communism had failed in East Europe. PRINCIPLES OF WESTERN DEMOCRACY The principles of Western democracy are not much different from those of traditional African democracy, which we analyzed in Chapter 1. In fact, several of the principles are similar. What is different is the context in which the principles are practiced. Modern-day African administrations rule very large nations compared to the small communities we described in Chapter 1.
Moreover, there are several election frauds that take place during these elections that it is easy to find reasons for an electoral defeat. The power tussles that follow those elections are usually protracted and they threaten the country's peace. There are other power tussles that are not directly related to elections. For example, the protracted squabbles between Sourou-Migan Apithy and Justin Ahomadegbe who were appointed (and not elected) president and vice-president in the Benin Republic. These power tussles do not warrant military intervention because the national judicial systems are capable of resolving those tussles.
Democratic institutions, particularly the judiciary, remain under the influence of the executive branch. This has led to a situation where the ruling party's powers appear to have been consolidated to the detriment of democracy's future. The 1997 general elections, for instance, were widely denounced both internally and by most international observers. 10 Opposition demonstrations and litigation immediately followed the elections. The constitutional courts annulled some rounds of the legislative voting after widespread public calls for annulment and the acknowledgment of irregularities by both Konare's party and the opposition.
African Democratization and Military Coups by Chuka Onwumechili