By Andreas O'Shea
This publication features a accomplished and well-researched examine of the connection among municipal amnesty legislation and constructing rules of foreign felony legislations. It pursues a direction in the direction of defining standards for reconciling those soft fields of transitional justice. It concludes with a concrete idea for the foreign group of states.
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Additional info for Amnesty for Crime in International Law and Practice
While both conflicts ended with the search for justice through prosecution, the final outcome differed in each case depending on the political feasibility of criminal proceedings. The Treaty of Versailles contained provisions for the prosecution of the Kaiser. Article 227 of the Treaty of Versailles of 1919, provided that: The Allied and Associated Powers publicly arraign William II of Hohenzollem. formerly German Emperor, for a supreme offence against international morality and the sanctity of treaties.
47 Ibid, at 206-9. 48 See Toynbee. note 24 supra, at 611 et seq. 49 See Tenbrook. note 45 supra, at 205. 50 Ibid, at 208. 51 Ibid, at 233-42. 52 See page 15 infra. 53 Article xvii of the Treaty of San Stefano and Article ix of the Treaty of Constantinople: see Toynbee. note 24 supra, at 968 and 1001. respectively. 43 Emergence, Development and Rationale 15 broader in that they applied not only to combatants and supporters but to all those compromised by the war. The European experience of the seventeenth to nineteenth centuries appears to demonstrate that amnesty was most likely to be adopted as a measure when there was no clear victor, and where the negotiating parties had a firm and genuine determination to establish a lasting peace.
989. 15 See chapter 8 infra. 16 See generally G. Pages, The Thirty Years War 1618-48, 1939 (1970 translation). 17 Ibid, at 41-67. 19 The circumstances required a radical oblivion of the war's offences if a sustainable peace was to be achieved, and this led to an amnesty being agreed as a component of the Peace at Westphalia. Article II of the Treaty of Westphalia of 1648 provided. That there shall be on the one side and the other a perpetual Oblivion, Amnesty, or Pardon of all that has been committed since the beginning of these Troubles, in what place, or what manner soever the Hostilitys have been practis'd in such manner, that no body, under any pretext whatsoever, shall practice any Acts of Hostility, entertain any Enmity, or cause any Trouble to each other; neither as to Persons, Effects and Securitys, neither of themselves or by others, neither privately nor openly, neither directly nor indirectly, neither under the colour of Right, nor by way of Deed, either within or without the extent of the Empire, notwithstanding all Covenants made before to the contrary: That they shall not act.
Amnesty for Crime in International Law and Practice by Andreas O'Shea