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New PDF release: An Introduction to Political Philosophy

By A. R. M. Murray

ISBN-10: 0203851684

ISBN-13: 9780203851685

First released in 1953, this seminal creation to political philosophy is meant for either the coed of political concept and for the overall reader. After an advent and is the reason the character and objective of philosophy, Dr Murray offers a severe exam of the main theories complicated by way of political philosophers from Plato to Marx, paying distinctive recognition to modern issues.

The publication additionally attempts to outline the basic problems with philosophical value in modern politics, with unique connection with the clash among political authority and person rights, and to teach how the various ethical assumptions underlying authoritarian and democratic platforms of presidency are eventually dependent upon varied theories of common sense.

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Additional info for An Introduction to Political Philosophy

Sample text

The apparent object of these arguments is to show that power for its own sake is not, in practice, what strong men actually desire. It is argued that they desire to promote what they believe to be the good of those in their power and that they exercise their power in accordance with rational principles of conduct This may well be so, but the arguments seem to miss the real point of Thrasymachus's theory. The latter does not imply, as Socrates seems to think, that strong men are exclusively interested in exploiting and increasing their strength.

22 An Introduction to Political Philosophy he is not discharging his intended function and will miss that happiness and contentment which is the natural result of the performance of that function. The apparent object of these arguments is to show that power for its own sake is not, in practice, what strong men actually desire. It is argued that they desire to promote what they believe to be the good of those in their power and that they exercise their power in accordance with rational principles of conduct This may well be so, but the arguments seem to miss the real point of Thrasymachus's theory.

Thrasymachus's theory that justice is simply 'whatever is to the interest of the stronger party5 was discussed in the preceding chapter, and Plato's reasons for rejecting this definition briefly examined. It was suggested that both Plato and other critics of Thrasymachus *s theory missed the essential point of his definition, which identifies justice not with mere strength but with whatever is sought by those who are strong. Understood in the latter sense, Thrasymachus *s definition is much more plausible, and by no means obviously inadequate.

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