By Paul C. Winther
Anglo-European technological know-how and the Rhetoric of Empire provides the recorded evidence of allegedly clinical use of opium in colonial India and British exam and supreme reputation of this custom. putting the opium controversy in its extensive context, the publication sheds gentle on British diplomatic equipment for prolonging colonial rule.
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Additional info for Anglo-European Science and the Rhetoric of Empire; Malaria, Opium, and British Rule in India, 1756-1895
What Is Opium? The nineteenth century was truly the golden age of discovery for opium. Researchers, early on, confirmed that the drug consisted of two things: alkaloid and nonalkaloid substances. ”They amounted to approximately 66 percent (by volume when dried) regardless of where the opium came from. The body absorbed this nonnarcotic material when a person ate the crude or “prepared” drug. These components exerted little or no change in the normal functioning of organs and body processes. This was not the case if‘ adulterating agents had been added to the drug before its ingestion.
There is evidence that a few diseases having very similar overt symptoms were placed in one category. For example, some otherwise perceptive investigators in malaria-plagued locales still had difficulty distinguishing 30 Chapter 1 between kala-azar, enteric fever, “tropical anemia,” and so on, and the plasmodiainduced malaria. ’Furthermore, one form of the plasmodia-induced disease might escape detection. Cerebral malaria could be mistaken for Parkinson’s disease, meningitis, encephalitis, or some form of brain injury.
By 1890 the opium and ‘malaria’correlation appeared periodically in pro-defense arguments; by 1892 it was commonplace. The severity of malaria in South Asia, and prevalence of other diseases in the subcontinent, permitted the Commission to phrase its opposition to substantial cuts in production and public accessibility to the drug in India as a refusal to contribute to human suffering. The people who did not want Great Britain to stop being involved in the cultivation, processing, and distribution of opium had interpreted the Commission’s findings as a moral imperative.
Anglo-European Science and the Rhetoric of Empire; Malaria, Opium, and British Rule in India, 1756-1895 by Paul C. Winther