By Gyan Prakash
Another Reason is a daring and cutting edge learn of the intimate dating among technology, colonialism, and the trendy kingdom. Gyan Prakash, essentially the most influential historians of India writing this day, explores in clean and unforeseen methods the complexities, contradictions, and profound significance of this dating within the background of the subcontinent. He finds how technological know-how served concurrently as an tool of empire and as a logo of liberty, development, and common reason--and how, in taking part in those dramatically various roles, it was once the most important to the emergence of the trendy nation.
Prakash levels over 2 hundred years of Indian heritage, from the early days of British rule to the sunrise of the postcolonial period. He starts off through taking us into colonial museums and exhibitions, the place Indian arts, crafts, vegetation, animals, or even humans have been classified, classified, and displayed within the identify of technology. He exhibits how technological know-how gave the British the skill to construct railways, canals, and bridges, to rework agriculture and the remedy of illness, to reconstruct India's economic system, and to transfigure India's highbrow life--all to create a sturdy, rationalized, and ecocnomic colony lower than British domination.
But Prakash issues out that technology additionally represented freedom of inspiration and that for the British to exploit it to perform despotism used to be a deeply contradictory firm. Seizing in this contradiction, some of the colonized elite started to search parallels and precedents for medical proposal in India's personal highbrow historical past, making a hybrid kind of wisdom that mixed western rules with neighborhood cultural and spiritual knowing. Their paintings disrupted permitted notions of colonizer as opposed to colonized, civilized as opposed to savage, smooth as opposed to conventional, and created a kind of modernity that used to be without delay western and indigenous.
Throughout, Prakash attracts on significant and minor figures on each side of the colonial divide, together with Mahatma Gandhi, Jawaharlal Nehru, the nationalist historian and novelist Romesh Chunder Dutt, Prafulla Chandra Ray (author of A historical past of Hindu Chemistry), Rudyard Kipling, Lord Dalhousie, and John Stuart Mill. With its deft mixture of wealthy ancient aspect and lively new arguments and interpretations, Another Reason will recast how we comprehend the contradictory and colonial family tree of the trendy nation.
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Additional info for Another Reason: Science and the Imagination of Modern India
By 1965 and 1971 the vision of Pakistan as a homeland had long been supplanted by that of Pakistan as a fortress— an armed redoubt guarded by the Pakistan army, safe from predatory India. Nothing illustrated this more pointedly than the Kashmir conflict, which was both a cause and a consequence of India-Pakistan hostility. Third, partition made evident how necessary the state’s institutions were to protecting the basic interests of citizens of the new state. The Muslim League was ineffective in providing relief and rehabilitation aid The State of Pakistan 47 to the West Wing.
For Iqbal, this state—he did not call it Pakistan—would not only solve India’s Hindu-Muslim puzzle, it would awaken and re-create Islam, freeing it from both alien Hinduism and obsolescent Islamic encrustations. ”30 Like many of his coreligionists, including those who set the stage for today’s Islamic parties, Iqbal saw territorial nationalism as a step toward a larger Islamic community, a vehicle for the perfection of Islam. By contrast, Jinnah envisioned Pakistan as a “nation” consisting of Indian Muslims.
Pakistan’s leadership eventually split on the question of democracy—guided, basic, and otherwise—when the poorer (but more populous) half of Pakistan claimed its right to rule the whole state. Glorious Past, Glorious Future? The Pakistani movement bequeathed to the state of Pakistan a number of identities. First, Pakistan was clearly “Indian,” in that the strongest supporters of the idea of Pakistan identified themselves as culturally Indian, although in opposition to Hindu Indians. This Indian dimension of Pakistan’s identity has been systematically overlooked by contemporary Pakistani politicians and scholars.
Another Reason: Science and the Imagination of Modern India by Gyan Prakash