By Kim Eduard Lioe
At the guts of this research lies the allocation of duties and the department of work among the militia and the undertaking of the police in addition to different safeguard forces in Europe. The venture of those forces defines the demarcation line among the spheres of inner and exterior safety via assigning the previous to the police and the latter to the military. The focal notion is the assessment of the feasibility of a strict separation as maintained in Germany in a ecu context, sensible problems in its software, and strength how one can triumph over such problems. This includes particularly a comparability of the "German approach" with different ecu states and the corresponding equipment selected opposed to the history of joint operations abroad.
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Additional resources for Armed Forces in Law Enforcement Operations? - The German and European Perspective
First, the deployment of troops has to be based on a precise mandate, second, a definite Status of Force Agreement is vital, and third, clear rules of engagements are required to ensure an effective self-defence of the forces engaged. Depending on the nature of the concrete crisis management abroad, the operation can all the same be classified as a passive or active armed engagement or merely as an observation mission. Forces being deployed on these missions are considered as being on active duty as far as their operational modality is concerned.
88 During such a protection mission, the forces engaged are classified as being on active duty. 83 The Law of May 20th 1994 defines the “Pe´riode de guerre” as an international armed conflict between a starting and ending date, being determined by a Royal Decree, deliberated within the council of ministers. Unless the armed forces are in a “pe´riode de guerre”, they are in a “pe´riode de paix”. 84 Observation missions are regularly executed abroad, supervising ceasefires or implementing agreements.
These provisions are to be at least partly circumvented by the government by altering the definition of “defence” as well as by enacting the Aviation Security Act, thus trying to alter the allocation of responsibilities. 74 II. Separation Within Europe The following section outlines the separation of armed forces and security forces within the neighbouring states. As in Germany, it is undisputed, that European armed forces have a different role to play than the various residually security forces.
Armed Forces in Law Enforcement Operations? - The German and European Perspective by Kim Eduard Lioe