By Jr.; R.M. Brown, Jr.; R.M. Brown; I.M. Saxena
Cellulose: Molecular and Structural Biology is an updated treatise at the such a lot complicated and provocative examine into the biosynthesis, constitution, and purposes of nature s such a lot considerable macromolecule and renewable source, cellulose.
Molecular, biochemical, and evolutionary points of cellulose biosynthesis are reviewed in various dwelling organisms, together with cyanobacteria, eubacteria, (Acetobacter, Salmonella, and E. coli), vascular vegetation (including Arabidopsis, woodland timber, and maize), and tunicates.
Phylogenetic research, molecular genetics, and the opportunity of metabolic engineering also are presented.
Novel structural techniques contain the macromolecular constitution of the synthesizing devices, the terminal complexes in addition to the cellulose product in its many kinds also are integrated. Novel purposes utilizing cellulose comprise clever fabrics, carbonised cellulose, and biomedical applications.
First hand info from the major researchers distinguishes this paintings from different books on cellulose.
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Extra info for Cellulose. Molecular and Cellular Biology
2004). Doblin et al. (2002) have proposed a modification of a previous model (Scheible et al. 2001) that explains the geometry of rosette TCs as a function of the inter- and intra-particle interaction between three distinct CesA subunits that associate with each other through distinct binding sites. Extending this model, a linear TC could assemble from one or perhaps two types of subunits. This is consistent with the observation that CesA genes occur singly and in pairs, respectively, in Dictyostelium discoideum (Blanton et al.
1999). Second, specific association between CesA subunits from both Arabidopsis and cotton have been demonstrated in vitro (Taylor et al. 2000; Kurek et al. 2002; Gardiner et al. 2003; Taylor et al. 2003). Third, the Arabidopsis cesA1 (rsw1) mutation causes rosettes to disintegrate (Arioli et al. 1998). Fourth, deletion of any of the three CesAs required for secondary cell wall synthesis in Arabidopsis inhibits rosette assembly and secretion (Gardiner et al. 2003). Because the CesA proteins of Acetobacter (Figure 2-2), which form linear TCs, lack the zinc-binding domain, CR-P and CSR present in the CesA proteins of organisms with rosette Insights from Green Algae and Seedless Plants 21 TCs (Delmer 1999; Roberts et al.
1996. New cellulose synthesizing complexes (terminal complexes) involved in animal cellulose biosynthesis in the tunicate Metandrocarpa uedai. Protoplasma 194:151–163. Kimura S. and Itoh T. 2004. Cellulose synthesizing terminal complexes in the ascidians. Cellulose 11:377–383. , and Brown, Jr. , 1999. Immunogold labeling of rosette terminal cellulose-synthesizing complexes in the vascular plant Vigna angularis. Plant Cell 11:2075–2085. , and Delmer D. 2002. Dimerization of cotton fiber cellulose synthase catalytic subunits occurs via oxidation of the zinc-binding domains.
Cellulose. Molecular and Cellular Biology by Jr.; R.M. Brown, Jr.; R.M. Brown; I.M. Saxena