By Dr Jack Sanger, Jack Sanger
Combining anecdotal debts, inter-professional reports, serious debate and functional tips to being a superb observer, this ebook explores matters surrounding commentary in social science-orientated learn.
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Additional resources for Compleat Observer?: A Field Research Guide to Observation
In these cases the criteria for validity may be different. Terms such as responsiveness, fairness, trustworthiness and accuracy may be used. There is a spectrum of definitions as to what forms of proof engender validity. At the scientific method end of the spectrum, validity is confirmed through positivistic processes such as replication or the medical ‘double blind’ and at the other end it is confirmed by the invocation of more relativistic notions such as the ‘shock of recognition’ or ‘thick description’ or ‘triangulation’.
At other times, covert research does not seem so bad. For example, pretending to be a customer at a store, to try to elicit attitudes of staff, or seeking information at a tourist office or library to test the capacity of staff to provide useful information. This role-based participant observation would seem to be one of our rights within a community—although how we use the information may transgress the ethical. The sort of covert activity to be found in investigative journalism, private detective agencies and in-house information gathering in organizations is not usually found within funded research and evaluation, although individuals pursuing postgraduate qualifications, with topic areas such as race, gender, drugs, prostitution, pederasty and so on, may opt for covert strategies.
Or that merely seeing cardboard cut-outs of police cars on our streets, reduces speeding? It is because patterns for general human behaviour must be distinguished from expectations and predictions about particular individuals. 41 The Compleat Observer? A parent tells a child to eat all that is in front of her. ’, says the parent weightily. ‘Tell me the name of just one of them’, replies the child, crushingly. Thus, validity in statistics relies upon research into the general rather than the particular.
Compleat Observer?: A Field Research Guide to Observation by Dr Jack Sanger, Jack Sanger