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New PDF release: Composite Materials: Science and Applications

By Deborah D.L. Chung (auth.)

ISBN-10: 1848828306

ISBN-13: 9781848828308

The functions of composite fabrics remain of accelerating significance as a result industry’s desire for contemporary research and greater functionality. the 1st version of Composite Materials brought a brand new means of taking a look at composite fabrics: masking composites in keeping with their services. This moment variation expands the book’s scope to stress application-driven and process-oriented fabrics improvement. even supposing functions are the most economical and technological driver of fabrics improvement, tactics frequently ensure the feasibility and practicality.

This tutorial-style reference e-book examines either structural composite fabrics (including their mechanical homes, sturdiness, and degradation) and sensible composite fabrics (including their electric, piezoresistive, and thermal properties), as wanted for a considerable variety of functions. The emphasis on application-driven and process-oriented fabrics improvement is more advantageous via a large number of experimental effects that offer genuine illustrations of composite fabrics development.

Composite Materials is an important ebook for researchers and engineers who're drawn to fabrics improvement for commercial functions. It has a colourful but sensible process, making it compatible for either scholars and practitioners, and gives an entire rationalization of all the basic suggestions on the topic of the structural and practical houses covered.

The Engineering fabrics and Processes sequence makes a speciality of all types of fabrics and the techniques used to synthesise and formulate them as they relate to many of the engineering disciplines. The sequence bargains with a various diversity of fabrics: ceramics; metals (ferrous and non-ferrous); semiconductors; composites, polymers, biomimetics and so forth. each one monograph within the sequence is written via a expert and demonstrates how improvements in fabrics and the tactics linked to them can enhance functionality within the box of engineering during which they're used.

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Extra resources for Composite Materials: Science and Applications

Example text

Significant increases in the carbon yield of pitch can be obtained through the use of high pressure during carbonization. 1 μm in diameter are observed in isotropic liquid pitch above 400°C. Prolonged heating causes the spheres to coalesce, solidify, and form larger regions with lamellar order; this favors graphitization upon subsequent heating to ∼2,500°C. The high pressure during carbonization lowers the temperature at which the mesophase forms. At very high pressures (∼200 MPa), coalescence of mesophase does not occur.

In this method, a stack of alternating layers of fibers and metal foils is hot pressed (at, say, 24 MPa for 20 min) to cause bonding in the solid state. This method is not very suitable for fiber cloths or continuous fiber bundles because it is difficult for the metal to flow into the space between the fibers during diffusion bonding. In contrast, the infiltration method involves melting the metal, so metal flow is relatively easy, making infiltration a more suitable method for fiber cloths or continuous fiber bundles.

5. Scanning electron microscope photographs of polished sections of aluminum-matrix silicon carbide whisker composites fabricated by liquid metal infiltration. 6 μm. 4 MPa and porosity 5%. 5%. 8 MPa and porosity 3%. (From [2]) silicon carbide particles (3–5 μm) used as the reinforcement and carbon particles (activated carbon, equiaxed, 20 μm) as the combustible particulate before and after burning the carbon [1]. The infiltration method can be used to produce near-net shape composites, so that subsequent shaping is not necessary.

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Composite Materials: Science and Applications by Deborah D.L. Chung (auth.)

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