By Howarth David, Georgios Varouxakis, David Howarth
At the very least because the French Revolution, France has the peculair contrast of at the same time attention-grabbing, fascinating and exasperating its neighbours and overseas observers. modern France offers a necessary advent for college students of French politics and society, exploring modern advancements whereas putting them in a deeper old, highbrow, cultural and social context that makes for insightful research. hence, chapters on France's monetary coverage and welfare nation, its international and ecu rules and its political pursuits and up to date institutional advancements are proficient by way of an research of the country's certain political and institutional traditions, specified kinds of nationalism and citizenship, dynamic highbrow lifestyles and up to date social traits. Summaries of key political, financial and social routine and occasions are displayed as shows.
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Extra resources for Contemporary France: An Introduction to French Politics and Society
2: The ‘nouveaux réactionnaires’ controversy: who are the authentic liberals? A new phase of intense French intellectual debate began in November 2002, following the publication of a short book written by former Marxist Daniel Lindenberg. He argues that many intellectuals of the left had begun recently to defend ‘reactionary’ and ‘illiberal’ positions on all sorts of issues, putting on trial the ‘culture de masse’, the ‘liberté des mœurs’, the legacy of May 1968, what they call contemptuously ‘le droit-de-l’hommisme’, Islam, and, not least, equality and democracy itself.
2 million among the wage-earners (9 per cent of the active population) were employed in a particular form of work, consisting of fixed-term contracts, interim missions or aided contracts. 71 per cent. Now, these forms of employment taken together accounted for only 3 per cent of wageearners in 1983. Such forms of employment are instruments of flexibility which reduce costs more and more for enterprises. People practising these various temporary forms of work particularly tend to be women, young people and people less qualified than the average wage-earners who find themselves in permanent employment.
France has a working population of 24 million people, 88 per cent among whom are wage-earners. Among that working population, 13 million are men and 11 million women. 4 million French people are fonctionnaires. It is the wage-earners who seem to be most exposed to unemployment and job precariousness. This question of precarious employment is becoming one of the most serious social problems in France today. 2 million among the wage-earners (9 per cent of the active population) were employed in a particular form of work, consisting of fixed-term contracts, interim missions or aided contracts.
Contemporary France: An Introduction to French Politics and Society by Howarth David, Georgios Varouxakis, David Howarth