By William Mallinson
This narrative background of Cyprus--the so much thorough and up to date account at the moment available--examines the fashionable heritage of the island in the course of a interval of huge switch. issues coated diversity from the British acquisition of Cyprus in 1878, whilst its strategic significance was once cemented, to the more moderen American and Soviet involvement throughout the chilly battle. It focuses fairly at the interval best as much as and following the Turkish invasion of 1974, the obvious strikes in the direction of reunification, and the starting to be significance of the european either for Cyprus and for Turkey. The ebook should be a vital reference instrument for all these attracted to Cyprus and the rising politics of the jap Mediterranean.
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Extra resources for Cyprus: A Modern History
As the Soviet armies approached Germany, Britain started to get the jitters and British policy in Greece began to get somewhat confused. In a top secret memorandum in June 1944, the foreign secretary, Eden, wrote: In recent months I have become disturbed by developments which seem to indicate the Soviet Government’s intention to acquire a dominating influence in the Balkans […] We should not hesitate to make our special interests in the Eastern Mediterranean and therefore in Greece and Turkey, and indeed our interests elsewhere in the Balkans, clear to the Russians: but in any step we take to build our influence we must be most careful to avoid giving the impression of a direct challenge.
23 As regards the riots, although some Jewish and Armenian properties were attacked, it was the Greek community of around 100,000 that bore the brunt. ’26 There is unfortunately more to this story than meets the eye: the British government was aware of the possibility of riots. Although Grivas had taken care not to attack the Turkish community on Cyprus, limiting his operations to the British and to those whom he considered to be Greek Cypriot collaborators, the British government jumped at the opportunity to exploit activities with the Turkish government.
The evidence to date suggests that this is an overly broad-brush view. The situation was complex, involving British (the ‘Russian obsession’) and later US (the ‘Truman Doctrine’) interests. That during the war the British supported the main resistance parties, the anti-monarchist ELAS and EDES (a mixture of promonarchists and ‘neutrals’) is well known, as is the fighting between the two organisations which had pushed EDES into the mountains of Epirus by early 1944. 29 After the war, Myers had considerable trouble getting his book on the causes of the Greek civil war published.
Cyprus: A Modern History by William Mallinson