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Get De l'esprit des lois : Anthologie PDF

By Montesquieu

ISBN-10: 2081279843

ISBN-13: 9782081279841

Véritable somme politique, De l'esprit des lois (1748) est le chef-d'oeuvre de Montesquieu. L'auteur y interact tout à los angeles fois une réflexion sur les différents gouvernements, une enquête sur les sociétés humaines et une examine comparée des lois afin de former tout homme à évaluer l'intervention législatrice. En s'attachant à saisir " l'esprit des lois " - ou rapports que les lois entretiennent avec le climat, l. a. faith, les moeurs, les richesses et le trade de chaque peuple -, il suggest une manière nouvelle d'appréhender los angeles réalité sociale. Conçue comme une advent par les textes, cette anthologie, qui rassemble et présente les livres les plus célèbres de De l'esprit des lois, entend permettre au lecteur de saisir les principaux enjeux philosophiques de cet ouvrage incontournable.

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Persons constitute fields of forces, qua Träger of precise economic and class interests: and we should avoid interpreting this concept in any sort of deterministic terms, instead stressing the interrelation between the economic and the juridical sphere. In Capital, Marx looks upon individual separation with greater pessimism than he had in the Grundrisse, toning down some of the aspects of that revolutionary Prometheanism previously present in his perspective. Thus the individual qua bearer of a universal is inserted within a mechanism external and extraneous to him, a system of obligations which is both economic and juridical.

808. mecw, Vol. 37, p. 811. See Basso 2012, pp. 79–80. 85 The beginning of the passage makes clear reference to the first chapter of Volume i, and thus refers back to the analysis contained therein. This landscape cannot be interpreted sic et simpliciter according to the much-abused category of ‘absolute commodification’. On the one hand, it does provide a misleading representation that claims to be an objective conception; the classical economists provided an ‘ideological’ framework for understanding this problematic, with the goal of fashioning a rational legitimation of capitalism.

101 The relation between the two figures in question – behind the appearances of the ‘harmony’ of freedom, equality, and reciprocity – is in reality founded on a relation of domination in which the capitalist, who buys labour-power, disposes of the means ‘to obtain some future apparent Good’; he thus holds power. If we go beyond the ‘surface level’ represented by the simple circulation of commodities, we can take account of the fact that capital, dead labour, extorts surplus-labour from the worker, living labour, and realises it as surplus-value: the buyer makes life-and-death decisions over the seller.

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