By S. Haig Zeronian, Howard L. Needles
content material: Permanence and alkaline-neutral papermaking / D.J. Priest --
serious review of mass deacidification methods for publication upkeep / David N.-S. Hon --
Graft polymerization : a method of strengthening paper and extending the existence expectancy of cellulosic archival fabric / C.E. Butler, C.A. Millington, and D.W.G. Clements --
harmful results of seen and near-ultraviolet radiation on paper / S.B. Lee, J. Boraard, and R.L. Feller --
The impression of adaptations in relative humidity at the speeded up getting older of paper / Chandruy J. Shahani, Frank H. Hengemihle, and Norman Weberg --
A reexamination of paper yellowing and the Kubelka-Munk concept / Harald Berndt --
The stabilization of silk to heat and light : screening of stabilizers / M.A. Becker, S.P. Hersh, and P.A. Tucker --
The conservation of silk with parylene-C / Eric F. Hansen and William S. Ginell --
ancient silk flags from Harrisburg / M. Ballard, R.J. Koestler, C. Blair Santamaria, and N. Indictor --
long term balance of cellulosic textiles : impression of alkaline deacidifying brokers on clearly elderly cellulosic textiles / N. Kerr, T. Jennings, E. Methe --
Heat-induced getting older of linen / Howard L. Needles and Kimberly Claudia J. Nowak --
therapy of tapa fabric with specific connection with using the vacuum suction desk / Sara Wolf eco-friendly --
id of purple madder and bug dyes via thin-layer chromatography / Helmut Schweppe --
Ultraviolet and infrared analyses of artificially elderly cellophane movie / Laura DeSimone and Ira Block --
Nondestructive review of getting older in cotton textiles via Fourier rework reflection-absorption infrared spectroscopy / Jeanette M. Cardamone.
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Additional resources for Historic Textile and Paper Materials II. Conservation and Characterization
Paper presented at the International Conference on the Conservation of Library and Archive Materials and the Graphic Arts, Cambridge, 1980. C. Williams, Chemistry of the Deacidification of Paper, Bulletin of the American Group-IIC, 12, 16 (1971). J. K. Wilson, Preservation of Libraries and Archives, American Scientist, 75, 240 (1987). E. Kingery, Permanent/Durable Book Paper, Virginia State Publication, No. 16 (1960). Librarians Bemoan Costly Paper Chase, Greenville News, October 19, 1986, Section B.
In f i n a n c i a l terms the backlog represents a conservation cost of £150 m i l l i o n and t h i s figure i s increasing by some £3 m i l l i o n per annum. Therefore the need f o r a low p r i c e d bulk conservation process has been recognised by many i n s t i t u t i o n s . Paper d e t e r i o r a t i o n i s caused by two major reactions, ( l ) the acid-catalysed hydrolysis o f the c e l l u l o s e f i b r e s (the main constituent of paper) which shortens the chain length o f the c e l l u l o s e polymer, and which i s r e f l e c t e d as a loss i n the paper's strength and f l e x i b i l i t y , and (2) o x i d a t i o n o f the c e l l u l o s e and other constituents which can lead to d i s c o l o u r a t i o n .
Examination of randomly selected books treated with the Wei T O solution has shown nonuniform d e a c i d i f i c a t i o n . Although the deacidifying agent does not harm leather, leather bound books are not recommend for the treatment. It i s anticipated that during pre-drying process, leather can be i r r e v e r s i b l y damaged. The other concern with the Wei T O process i s i t s use of Freon (chlorofluorocarbons). It i s known that Freon vapor escaping to the atmosphere w i l l lead to the depletion of the ozone layer i n the stratosphere.
Historic Textile and Paper Materials II. Conservation and Characterization by S. Haig Zeronian, Howard L. Needles