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Download e-book for kindle: Measuring Democracy: A Bridge between Scholarship and by Gerardo L. Munck

By Gerardo L. Munck

ISBN-10: 0801890926

ISBN-13: 9780801890925

ISBN-10: 0801890934

ISBN-13: 9780801890932

Even though democracy is a broadly held price, concrete size of it's elusive. Gerardo L. Munck's confident review of the tools used to degree democracies offers to deliver order to the talk in academia and in practice.Drawing on his years of educational examine on democracy and size and his sensible adventure comparing democratic practices for the United international locations and the association of yank States, Munck's dialogue bridges the theories of academia with useful functions. In providing a extra open and collaborative courting among conception and motion, he makes the case for reassessing how democracy is measured and encourages primary adjustments in method. Munck's field-tested framework for quantifying and qualifying democracy is outfitted round tools he constructed: the UN improvement Programme's Electoral Democracy Index and a case-by-case election tracking instrument utilized by the OAS. Measuring Democracy bargains particular, real-world classes that students and practitioners can use to enhance the standard and software of information approximately democracy.

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Extra resources for Measuring Democracy: A Bridge between Scholarship and Politics (Democratic Transition and Consolidation)

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Because there are no hard-and-fast rules for choosing valid indicators, this is one of the most elusive goals in the social sciences. However, some guidance can be derived from a consideration of the impact of two common pitfalls on the validity of measures. One is the failure to recognize the manifold empirical manifestations of a conceptual attribute and to properly use multiple indicators. This is probably one of the most difficult problems to avoid in the construction of large datasets, but the importance of these concerns is hard to overemphasize.

Likewise, increased evidence of corruption may be more a reflection of increased freedom of the press than an actual increase in corruption. This problem underscores the need for analysts to be aware of any systematic sources of measurement error and, specifically, to maximize the validity of their indicators by selecting indicators that are less likely to be affected by bias and that can be cross-checked through the use of multiple sources (Bollen 1986: 578– 87; 1993). ∞≠ 24 M E A S U R I N G D E M O C R AC Y Existing indices of democracy demonstrate significantly varying degrees of attention to the need for multiple indicators and the need to establish the cross-system equivalence of these indicators.

3. Aggregation: Levels and Rules of Aggregation ........................................................................................................................... ∞∏ As important as this step is for the validity of measures, it has not received much attention in the literature on measurement methodology in political science. The first task that must be confronted—the selection of the level of aggregation—can be considered from different perspectives. In the conventional view, taken largely from psychometrics, aggregation involves a delicate balancing act.

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Measuring Democracy: A Bridge between Scholarship and Politics (Democratic Transition and Consolidation) by Gerardo L. Munck

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