By Professor Robert Elgie, Professor Elgie Robert, Sophia Moestrup, Professor Wu Yu-Shan
Explores the impression of semi-presidentialism on newly-democratising international locations. In fresh years semi-presidentialism - the location the place a structure makes provision for either a at once elected president and a primary minister who's in charge to the legislature - has turn into the regime form of selection for lots of international locations.
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Mozambique is an example. In other semi-presidential countries, the president is a figurehead and the prime minister enjoys great constitutional powers. Examples include Iceland and Ireland. In yet other countries, there is indeed a constitutional balance of power between the president and prime minister. France is the standard case. In other words, there is extreme variation within the set of countries with semi-presidential constitutions. Given this situation, we should not expect semi-presidentialism to be associated with particular outcomes.
As a result of its extensive spread, semi-presidentialism demonstrates a wide range of operational forms, with some bordering on parliamentarism, some on presidentialism, and yet others in between, or in constant fluctuation. Without a grasp of the clusters of countries that adopted a semi-presidential system and their main features, it is difficult to appreciate the extensively variable political phenomena associated with semi-presidentialism, and to identify the factors that cause such great variation.
71, reflecting the fact that QP and ALT are the dominant subtypes there. 17) than their East European counterparts. This is because PS is the prevalent mode among the post-Soviets, with the exceptions of Lithuania (QP) and Ukraine (PS turned ALT). For the Asian postLeninists, Mongolia is an outlier by adopting ALT as the operational mode, for its socioeconomic background and political tradition resembles more the post-Soviets than the post-satellites in Europe. Taiwan, on the other hand, chose PS and conforms to the pattern.
Semi-Presidentialism and Democracy by Professor Robert Elgie, Professor Elgie Robert, Sophia Moestrup, Professor Wu Yu-Shan