By Patrick Peebles
Sri Lanka—an island country situated within the Indian Ocean— has a inhabitants of roughly 19 million. regardless of its diminuative measurement, even if, Sri Lanka has a protracted and complicated heritage. the variety of its humans has resulted in ethnic, spiritual, and political conflicts that live to tell the tale. Peebles describes the reviews of the rustic, from its earliest settlers, to civil struggle, to its present nation, permitting readers to raised comprehend this usually misunderstood country.With an emphasis at the twentieth century, chapters speak about the economic climate, faith, tradition, and govt of Sri Lanka. A timeline outlines key occasions in Sri Lankan background, in addition to biographies of extraordinary humans, and a bibliographic essay.
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Extra info for The history of Sri Lanka (The Greenwood Histories of the Modern Nations)
The sangha, nobles, and ofﬁcials were sometimes granted the revenues and service obligations of entire villages; inscriptions record that the kings purchased land for grants to monasteries. Cultivators had several forms of tenure. Some (called pamunu or paraveni) were hereditary and could be bought and sold. The Anura¯dhapura kingdom engaged in a ﬂourishing foreign trade that declined after the seventh century. Besides Ma¯ntai, there were ports on the east coast (Gokanna) and the northern peninsula (Jambukola).
The example of the va¨dda¯ s illustrates the complexity of ethnic identities in Sri Lanka. Most Lankans appear to believe that this group is racially distinct, but genetic studies have shown that they have no particular afﬁnity to proto-Australoid populations elsewhere in Asia and little difference between themselves and other Lankans. Traditionally, they were hunters and gatherers living in caves in the Dry Zone, but they have been moved from their ancestral territories and settled in villages.
Maha¯sena (276–303) adopted Ma¯haya¯na Buddhist views, and when the Maha¯viha¯ra objected to his consecration by a Ma¯haya¯na bhikkhu he prohibited laymen from supporting those Maha¯viha¯ra monks who had left the capital in protest. The Abhayagiriviha¯ra remained loyal to Maha¯sena and was rewarded by the king. After the Maha¯viha¯ra monks returned, Maha¯sena allowed a third monastic order, the Jetavanaviha¯ra, to build on land that had formerly belonged to the Maha¯viha¯ra. These three orders provided the institutional framework for the monkhood up the end of the Anura¯dhapura kingdom.
The history of Sri Lanka (The Greenwood Histories of the Modern Nations) by Patrick Peebles