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New PDF release: Traité politique

By Benedictus de Spinoza

ISBN-10: 2844857140

ISBN-13: 9782844857149

Le Traité politique tire toutes les conséquences de L'Éthique : après avoir abordé l'individualité, Spinoza s'attaque l. a. vie de l'homme en société. Il retrace l. a. genèse de l. a. structure politique d'un groupe. Il montre remark le droit de préserver sa vie prend le pas sur celui de vivre selon son gré. Chacun doit céder à autrui le pouvoir de le gouverner. Et cet autre se doit d'assurer l. a. sécurité et le bien de son subordonné. C est alors l'instauration du droit civil. L'état civil n'existe que pour empêcher l'exercice du droit naturel, instructed à semer l. a. discorde. Le pouvoir doit à cet égard garantir une égalité de principe entre les hommes. Spinoza ouvre là tout un horizon politique : le "communisme de l. a. raison". Ou remark penser une société afin d'éviter qu'elle ne dégénère et tyrannie et qu'il y règne paix et liberté. Écrit peu avant l. a. mort de son auteur, ce Traité condense les principes fondamentaux de sa philosophie et hisse Spinoza en précurseur des philosophes français du XVIIIe siècle. En prenant le parti de ne pas traduire imperium en français, Bernard Pautrat marque une rupture avec toutes les traductions précédentes. Par ce choix radical, il rend toute l. a. profondeur philosophique et politique du Traité, qui défend le droit "défini par l. a. puissance de l. a. multitude".

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Additional resources for Traité politique

Example text

That goes back to the classical Greeks, and then in the sixteenth century there was a marvelous development of it by the later Scholastics, by Suarez, de Vittoria, Molina, and others. By Hobbes’s time it is a quite highly developed doctrine. My reason is that in my own view and that of many others, Hobbes’s Leviathan is the greatest single work of political thought in the English language. By saying that, I don’t mean that it comes the closest to being true, or that it is the most reasonable. Rather, I mean that taking everything together—including its style and its language, its scope and its acuteness and interesting vividness of observation, its intricate structure of analysis and principles, and its presentation of what I think is a dreaded way of thinking about society which almost might be true and which is quite a frightening possibility—adding all those together, the Leviathan makes, to me, a very overwhelming impression.

168–176. 20. See Elster, Local Justice, pp. 206f. 21. This was actually the form the limits on information took in my first articles stating justice as fairness. See “Justice as Fairness” in Rawls, Collected Papers, ed. : Harvard University Press, 1999), pp. 47–72. 22. See Jürgen Habermas, Moralbewusstsein und kommunikatives Handeln (Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkampf, 1983), esp. 3, entitled “Diskursethik—Notizen zu einem Begründungsprogramm. Erläuterungen zur Diskursethik” (Suhrkamp, 1991), and esp.

By saying that the content of liberal views has these three elements I [ 12 ] Remarks on Political Philosophy mean that the content of any familiar liberal view would more or less fit this broad description. What distinguishes different liberalisms is how they specify these elements and the general arguments used to do this. There are views, often described as liberal, for example, libertarian views, that don’t exemplify the third element of assuring to citizens adequate all-purpose means to make use of their freedoms.

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Traité politique by Benedictus de Spinoza


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